Ecological building includes designing a building in such a manner that it does not have any kind of ecological implications. It includes both adopting an appropriate eco friendly technique to design the building as well as making sure the final outcome in the form of a building is also environment friendly. An ecological building does not hold any kind of threats to the surrounding environment including the flora and fauna. The major aim behind setting up ecological buildings is so that the human inhabitation of a place does not have any adverse effect on the surrounding ecology. Its sole aim is to protect the environment, protect the ecology and maintain a good healthy relationship between humans and their surrounding ecology.
The ecological buildings are designed by special team of architects who have the sense of environment implication and do not just build a building for the sake of it. They are created to bring about a mutual settlement and harmonious relationship between the resident humans and the surrounding elements of nature or ecology. The characteristics for building an ecology building includes local ecology of the building and environmental factors like biosphere, lithosphere and the relationship between them. The designing of the ecological building is somewhat similar to the Permaculture which talks about setting up a society and agriculture based on repercussions it will have on the surrounding ecology. Based on this the foundation for any ecological building is set. Environment safety is the key point here.
Well, as we discussed there were two factors biotic and abiotic factors. The abiotic factors include the local landscape present that low land, hill, mountains. The local climate would also come within abiotic factors. Based on these factors it will be decided, what kind of water pattern, land utilization, energy resource, will be used for the ecological building! Thereby it becomes an environmentally harmonious place to live in. The biotic factors include the flora and fauna species and this leads to finding out what kind of effects the building would have on the living species in the surroundings. Harmony between the living species and healthy interaction among them is also very important.
The concept of an ecological building is not only to reduce the negative impact of a building over the ecology but its main aim is to create a positive interaction with the ecology. The ecological building is a positive concept and aims to bring harmony between nature and buildings. Positive interaction ultimately leads to reduction of negative repercussions and thereby makes your building a perfect eco friendly place to live in. You do not have to live with the guilt that your building has caused such a great damage to the environment. There is much mitigation taken to prevent any kind of negative impact by the building on the surrounding ecology comprising of both biotic and abiotic components. Ecological Buildings leave the message that even humans play a major part of preserving the ecology of their local area and thereby reduce the negative implications they might inflict on it.